In Australia, Britain, India, Ireland, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa and in other Asian countries, it is usually known simply as chilli.
Hot Peppers include: Jalapeño. Serrano. Caribe, Anaheim Pasilla and Habanero.
The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested
Chili peppers originated in the Americas.
After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used in both food and medicine.
Chilies were brought to Asia by Portuguese navigators during the 16th century.
Worldwide, some 3.8 million hectares (about 9.4 million acres) of land produce 33 million tons of chili peppers (2010 data).